EN ES
Vol. 31. Num. 1. 2015. Pages 11-20

La relación entre el estrés laboral, las fuentes que le dan origen y las estrategias decoping en el sector público y el privado

[The relationship between work stress, sources of stress and coping strategies inpublic and private sectors]

Valentina Ramos1 , Filomena Jordão2 1Univ. Porto, Fac. Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Portugal ,2Univ. Porto, Portugal

Resumen

El sector resulta relevante en la medición del estrés laboral, los estresores y las estrategias de coping, por loque nuestro objetivo de investigación fue relacionar estas variables dentro el contexto portugués. Nuestramuestra fue de 310 trabajadores distribuidos por sector a los que se aplicó un inventario con una preguntageneral sobre estrés y dos escalas sobre estresores y coping. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando análisisunivariados y cálculos de correlaciones. Nuestros resultados no indicaron diferencias en las correlacionessignificativas entre estresor y estrés por sector. Sin embargo, la correlación significativa entre estresores,estrés y coping sí fue específica para cada sector. Fue relevante la existencia de correlaciones significativasentre coping y estresores sin la influencia del estrés y entre coping y estrés sin la influencia de estresores.Nuestro estudio reconoce el papel del sector en el estudio del estrés, mostrando nuevas relaciones entre losestresores, el estrés y el coping. 

Abstract

The sector has been relevant in the measurement of work stress, stressors, and coping strategies. So, ourresearch objective was to relate these variables within the Portuguese context. We used a sample of 310employees distributed by sector, who responded to an inventory with a general question about stress andtwo scales to measure stressors and coping. The data was analyzed using correlation calculations. Ourresults indicated no significant differences in correlations between stressor and stress by sector. However,we obtained specific significant correlation between stressors, stress, and coping itself for each sector. Theexistence of significant correlations between coping and stressors without the influence of stress, andbetween coping and stress without the influence of stressors has to be highlighted. Our study recognizessector's role in the study of stress, showing new relationships between stressors, stress, and coping. 

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