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Vol. 31. Num. 1. 2015. Pages 51-57

Relating ethical climate, organizational justice perceptions, and leader-memberexchange (LMX) in Romanian organizations

[La relación entre el clima ético, la percepción de la justicia organizacional y elintercambio líder-subordinado en organizaciones rumanas]

Aharon Tziner1 , Mihai Felea2 , Cristinel Vasiliu2 1Netanya Academic College, Schools of Behavioral Studies and Business Administration, Netanya, Israel ,2Bucharest Academy of Economics Studies, Bucharest, Rumania

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of ethical climate factors, organizational justicedimensions, and LMX. The research was conducted drawing upon the responses of 716 employees inRomania to survey questionnaires. As expected, the three types of organizational justice were highly interrelated.Furthermore, all types of ethical climate were interconnected. In addition, we found that egoisticethical climate was negatively related significantly to the three types of organizational justice; the principleand benevolent ethical climate was found to relate to the three dimensions of organizational justice andLMX. Unexpectedly, we revealed that a division of the egoistic ethical climate into two separate sub-factorsprovided further insights into the relationships with organizational justice and LMX. 

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es investigar la relación de los factores de clima ético, las dimensiones de justiciaorganizacional y el intercambio líder-subordinado (LMX). La investigación se llevó a cabo a partir de lasrespuestas a cuestionarios de encuesta de 716 empleados rumanos. Como se esperaba, los tres tipos dejusticia organizacional estaban muy relacionados entre sí. Además estaban interconectados todos los tiposde clima ético. Por otra parte se vio que el clima ético egoísta se relacionaba negativamente de un modosignificativo con los tres tipos de justicia organizacional; se observó que el clima ético benevolente y deprincipios se relacionaba con las tres dimensiones de la justicia organizacional y el LMX. Contra pronóstico,descubrimos que dividir el clima ético egoísta en dos sub-factores distintos permitía desentrañar mejor lasrelaciones con la justicia organizacional y el LMX. 

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