EN ES
Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 41-51

¿Empoderamiento o Subyugación de la Mujer? Experiencias de Cosificación Sexual Interpersonal

[Is Empowerment or Women's Subjugation? Experiences of Interpersonal Sexual Objectification]

Sáez, Gemma Valor-Segura , Inmaculada Expósito,Francisca

Resumen

La cosificación sexual interpersonal es la reducción de una mujer a su cuerpo o partes de éste. Este fenómeno puede ser considerado como una forma de discriminación sexista, en la que una mujer es tratada de manera diferente minimizando la importancia de sus atributos internos. Este estudio, en el que se incluyeron 251 participantes de población general, tiene como objetivo analizar el fenómeno de la cosificación sexual interpersonal en hombres y mujeres, y su relación con variables ideológicas (sexismo y poder), autoestima y disfrute de la sexualización. Los resultados mostraron diferencias de género en la cosificación sexual interpersonal, de modo que las mujeres experimentaron en mayor medida experiencias de cosificación en sus relaciones interpersonales. Además, se observó un patrón diferencial de las variables relacionadas con las experiencias de cosificación en función del género. En hombres, la autoestima y el poder fueron variables relacionadas con una mayor percepción de cosificación. En concreto, el poder predice una mayor percepción de cosificación y esta relación estuvo mediada por el disfrute de la sexualización. En las mujeres, es el sexismo benévolo el que lleva a una mayor percepción de cosificación sexual interpersonal y esta relación estuvo mediada por el disfrute de la sexualización.

Abstract

Interpersonal sexual objectification is defined as the act of reducing a woman to her body or body parts. It could be considered as a form of sexist discrimination, in which women have a differential treatment minimizing the importance of their inner qualities. The aim of this study, in which involved 251 participants, was to analyze the perception of interpsersonal sexual objectification in men and women. In addition, we examined the relationship between the interpersonal sexual objectification and ideological variables (sexism and power) as well as self-esteem and enjoyment of sexualization. Results showed gender differences in interpersonal sexual objectification. Women experienced more sexual objectification in their interpersonal relationships. Also, results showed the effect of gender in the variables that predicted interpersonal sexual objectification. In men, self-esteem and power were related with more experiences of sexual objectification. Specifically, power predicted the perception of objectification and this effect was mediated by enjoyment of sexualization. However, in women, benevolent sexism predicted the perception of interpersonal sexual objectification and this effect was mediated by enjoyment of sexualization.

Palabras clave

autoestima
cosificación sexual
disfrute de la sexualización
poder
sexismo

Keywords

enjoyment of sexualization
power
self-esteem
sexism
sexual objectification
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