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Vol. 23. Num. 2. 2014. Pages 95-103

The likelihood of Latino women to seek help in response to interpersonalvictimization: An examination of individual, interpersonal and socioculturalinfluences

[Probabilidad de que las mujeres latinas busquen ayuda cuando sufren victimización interpersonal: análisis de las influencias individuales, interpersonales y socioculturales]

Chiara Sabina1 , Carlos A. Cuevas2 , Erin Lannen3

1School of Behavioral Sciences and Education, Penn State Harrisburg, Estados Unidos ,2Northeastern Univ., School of Crimininology and Criminal Justice, Estados Unidos ,3Community Psychology & Social Change, Penn State Harrisburg, Estados Unidos

Abstract

Help-seeking is a process that is influenced by individual, interpersonal, and sociocultural factors. Thecurrent study examined these influences on the likelihood of seeking help (police, pressing charges,medical services, social services, and informal help) for interpersonal violence among a national sample ofLatino women. Women living in high-density Latino neighborhoods in the USA were interviewed by phonein their preferred language. Women reporting being, on average, between "somewhat likely" and "verylikely" to seek help should they experience interpersonal victimization. Sequential linear regression resultsindicated that individual (age, depression), interpersonal (having children, past victimization), andsociocultural factors (immigrant status, acculturation) were associated with the self-reported likelihood ofseeking help for interpersonal violence. Having children was consistently related to a greater likelihood toseek all forms of help. Overall, women appear to respond to violence in ways that reflects their ecologicalcontext. Help-seeking is best understood within a multi-layered and dynamic context. 

Resumen

La búsqueda de ayuda es un proceso en el que influyen factores individuales, interpersonales y socioculturales.Este estudio analiza esta influencia en la probabilidad de buscar ayuda (policía, presentar cargos,servicios sanitarios o sociales y ayuda informal) en caso de violencia interpersonal en una muestra nacionalde mujeres latinas. Se entrevistó telefónicamente en su idioma preferido a mujeres que viven en barrioslatinos muy poblados de EE.UU. Sus respuestas fueron que la probabilidad media de pedir ayuda si experimentaranuna victimización interpersonal estaría entre "algo" y "muy probable". Los resultados de una regresiónlineal secuencial indican que los factores individuales (edad, depresión), interpersonales (tener hijos,victimizaciones pasadas) y socioculturales (estatus de inmigrante, aculturación) se asociaban con laprobabilidad manifestada por ellas de pedir ayuda en caso de violencia interpersonal. Tener hijos es la variableque guardaba una relación más estable con la probabilidad de pedir cualquier tipo de ayuda. En conjuntoparece que las respuestas de las mujeres a la violencia reflejan su contexto ecológico. La búsqueda deayuda se entiende mejor en un contexto dinámico de múltiples capas. 

Keywords

Help-seeking
Reporting to police
Social services
Medical services
Latino women

Palabras clave

Búsqueda de ayuda
Informar a la policía
Servicios sociales
Servicios sanitarios
Mujeres latinas
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