EN ES
Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 29-40

La Adherencia al Ejercicio Físico en un Grupo con Cáncer de Próstata: un Modelo Integrado para la Mejora de la Calidad de Vida

[The Adherence to Physical Exercise in a Group of Prostate Cancer: an Integrated Model to Improve the Quality of Life ]

Serdà i Ferrer, Bernat-Carles Valle Gómez, Arantza del Marcos-Gragera, Rafael

Resumen

Este artículo presenta el diseño e implementación de un modelo de adherencia integrado a un programa de ejercicio en hombres con cáncer de próstata para conseguir la práctica autónoma al hogar. El diseño del estudio es cualitativo siguiendo los principios de la Grounded Theory. La muestra es de 33 participantes y se ha construido a partir del muestreo intensivo por representatividad teórica. El procedimiento analítico de la información corresponde al Método de Comparaciones Constantes. El diseño del programa simple, flexible y de estructura modular permite que el usuario adapte el programa a su estado de salud, a sus síntomas derivados de la enfermedad y a su situación de vida cotidiana. La figura del profesional es imprescindible en el proceso de consecución de la autonomía. El trabajo de la adherencia como proceso empodera al participante a mantener el ejercicio autónomo en el hogar. El modelo de adherencia integrado al programa de ejercicio físico en grupo es efectivo para la mejora de la Calidad de Vida de las personas mayores con cáncer de próstata.

Abstract

This article presents the design and implementation of a model of adherence integrated into an exercise program in men with prostate cancer to get the autonomous practice at home. The study design is qualitative following Grounded Theory principles. The sample of 33 participants and it has been built through an intensive sampling by theoretical representativeness. The analytical procedure corresponds to the Method of Constants Comparisons. The design of simple and flexible program with a modular structure allows the user to adapt the exercise to his health, his symptoms resulting from the disease and his everyday life situation. The figure of professional trainer is essential in the process of achieving the autonomy. Working adherence as a process empowers the participant to maintain the autonomous activity at home. The adherence model integrated to a group exercise program is effective for improving the quality of life of older people affected by prostate cancer.

Palabras clave

adherencia
autonomía
calidad de vida
cáncer de próstata
ejercicio

Keywords

adherence
autonomy
exercise
quality of life
prostate cancer
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