EN ES
Vol. 20. Num. 2. 2011. Pages 131-148

Efectos de la Exposición de los Adolescentes a la Violencia en la Comunidad: El Proyecto MORE

[Effects of Youth´s Exposure to Community Violence: The MORE Project]

Cooley-Strickland, Michele Quille, Tanya J. Griffin, Robert S. Stuart, Elizabeth A. Bradshaw, Catherine P. Furr-Holden, Debra

Resumen

La investigación sobre la exposición a la violencia crónica en la comunidad se centra en las minorías étnicas y en los colectivos más pobres y azotados por la delincuencia, mientras que los programas de tratamiento y prevención se centran en los perpetradores de la violencia, y no en los adolescentes, que son sus víctimas directas o indirectas. Las intervenciones de tratamiento y prevención en el ámbito escolar son necesarias en el caso de menores con un alto riesgo de exposición a la violencia en su comunidad. En este trabajo se describe el proyecto Multiple Opportunities to Reach Excellence (MORE), un estudio epidemiológico longitudinal centrado en las comunidades y que ha sido puesto en práctica en la actualidad para comprender mejor el impacto de la exposición a la violencia crónica en el vecindario sobre el funcionamiento emocional, conductual, de consumo de drogas y académico de los menores y adolescentes, con el objetivo último de identificar los factores maleables de riesgo y protección en los que se puede incidir mediante programas de prevención e intervención.

Abstract

Research on chronic community violence exposure focuses on ethnic minority, impoverished, and crime-ridden communities while treatment and prevention focuses on the perpetrators of the violence, not on the youth who are its direct or indirect victims. School-based treatment and preventive interventions are needed for children at elevated risk for exposure to community violence. This paper describes The Multiple Opportunities to Reach Excellence (MORE) Project, a longitudinal, community epidemiological study currently being fielded to better understand the impact of children´s chronic exposure to community violence on their emotional, behavioral, substance use, and academic functioning with an overarching goal to identify malleable risk and protective factors which can be targeted in preventive and intervention programs.

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