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Vol. 23. Num. 3. 2014. Pages 159-167
 

Dimensiones del sentido de comunidad que predicen la calidad de vida residencialen barrios con diferentes posiciones socioeconómicas

[Sense of community: Dimensions predicting residential quality of life inneighbourhoods with different socioeconomic status]

María Isabel Hombrados Mendieta1 , Trinidad López Espigares2

1Univ. Málaga, Fac. Psicología, Dep. Psicología Social, Antropología Social, Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales, España ,2Univ. Málaga, Fac. Estudios Sociales y del Trabajo, Dep. Psicología Social, Antropología Social, Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales, España

Resumen

Los objetivos del presente estudio han sido analizar qué dimensiones del sentido de comunidad influyenmás positivamente sobre la calidad de vida residencial y analizar de estas dimensiones cuáles predicenmejor la calidad de vida de los residentes que viven en barrios con diferentes posiciones socioeconómicas.El estudio se desarrolla en los diez distritos de la ciudad de Málaga y un total de 1583 personas componenla muestra. En concreto el 31% de los residentes pertenecen a la posición socioeconómica baja, el 34% pertenecena la posición media y el 35% a la posición alta. Los sujetos se eligen al azar utilizando un sistema derutas. Los resultados han mostrado que la satisfacción con el entorno físico del barrio, la motivación y elapoyo social que prestan las instituciones son tres de las dimensiones del sentido de comunidad que mejorpredicen la calidad de vida residencial. También los hallazgos indican que los componentes del sentido decomunidad que predicen la calidad de vida residencial varían según la posición socioeconómica de los barrios.Se comentan las implicaciones del estudio. 

Abstract

The study aims were to identify which dimensions of the sense of community have the greatest positiveimpact on residential quality of life and which of these best predict the quality of life of residents accordingto the socioeconomic status of the neighbourhood. The study was conducted in 10 districts in Malaga City,Spain, with a total sample of 1,583 participants. Of these residents, 31% had a low socioeconomic status,34% had a medium socioeconomic status, and 35% had a high socioeconomic status. The participants wereselected using random route sampling. The results show that the 3 dimensions that best predictedresidential quality of life were the physical environment of the neighbourhood, administrative incentives,and social support from local authorities. The results also show that the dimensions of the sense ofcommunity that predicted residential quality of life changed according to the socioeconomic status of theneighbourhood. The implications of the study are discussed. 

Palabras clave

Sentido de comunidad
Calidad de vida
Contexto residencial
Posición socioeconómica

Keywords

Sense of community
Quality of life
Residential setting
Socioeconomic status
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