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Vol. 23. Num. 3. 2014. Pages 209-215

Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Women’s narratives about theirmothering experiences

[Violencia contra la mujer durante el embarazo: Narraciones de mujeres sobre susexperiencias maternales]

Ainhoa Izaguirre1 , Esther Calvete Zumalde1

1Univ. Deusto, España

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue and the most common form of violenceagainst women worldwide. Pregnancy does not protect against this phenomenon, which may cause adversehealth outcomes for both the mother and the newborn. The main aim of this study was to assess theimpact of IPV on women's pregnancies. Thirty-five Spanish women (mean age = 44.23 years, SD = 10.30)who had suffered IPV were interviewed and asked to explain the violent incidents that they experienced,the mothering skills that they developed toward their children, and the difficulties that they experienced atdelivery. The results showed that most of the participants continued to experience psychological andphysical abuse during their pregnancy, whereas a few of the participants began to experience sexual abuse.As a consequence of IPV, some mothers suffered negative obstetrical outcomes at delivery. The negativeeffects of IPV on the women's mothering skills were especially remarkable. 

Resumen

La violencia contra la mujer es un problema de salud pública y la manera más común de violencia hacía lamujer a nivel mundial. El embarazo no es un factor de protección ante tal fenómeno, ya que ser víctima deviolencia puede generar efectos negativos tanto en la madre como en el recién nacido. El objetivo principalde este estudio fue evaluar el impacto de la violencia en el embarazo de las mujeres. Se entrevistó a 35mujeres (M =44.23 años, DT = 10.30) víctimas de violencia para que narraran los episodios de violencia quesufrieron durante el embarazo y las habilidades maternales que desarrollaron para con sus hijos e hijas yexplicaran las posibles dificultades que padecieron durante el parto. Los resultados muestran que muchasde las participantes siguieron sufriendo violencia psicológica y física durante el embarazo, mientras que unnúmero reducido de mujeres manifestó haber comenzado a experimentar también episodios de violenciasexual. Como consecuencia de la violencia, algunas mujeres padecieron consecuencias negativas al dar aluz. Es de destacar el impacto de la violencia en las habilidades maternales de las mujeres. 

Keywords

Pregnancy
Intimate partner violence
Difficulties at delivery
Mothering skills
Qualitative research

Palabras clave

Embarazo
Violencia contra la mujer
Dificultades durante el parto
Habilidades maternales
Estudio cualitativo
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