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Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 103-110

Elaboración de Versiones Reducidas de Instrumentos de Medida: Una perspectiva Práctica

[Elaboration of reduced versions of Measurement tools: A practical Perspective]

Balluerka, Nekane Gorostiaga,Arantxa

Universidad del País Vasco, España

Resumen

El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en mostrar, desde una perspectiva práctica, las pautas que pueden seguirse para elaborar una versión reducida de un instrumento de medida. Para ello, se describe exhaustivamente el proceso de elaboración de la versión reducida en lengua vasca de la escala CDS (Children’s Depression Scale; Lang y Tisher, 1978) que mide la depresión en niños/as y adolescentes. En un primer estudio, se seleccionan los ítems que configuran la versión reducida del CDS (CDS-R) a partir de los análisis realizados en una muestra de 886 niños/as y adolescentes a los que se les administró la versión extensa del CDS adaptada a la lengua vasca (Balluerka, Gorostiaga y Haranburu, 2012). Posteriormente, se procede a la validación del CDS-R en una muestra de 2.165 participantes. En este segundo estudio se examinan la estructura factorial, la consistencia interna y la estabilidad temporal del instrumento, así como la relación que presentan sus dimensiones con el sexo, el rendimiento académico, la inteligencia emocional y el apego. De esta forma, se obtienen evidencias sobre la fiabilidad y la validez de la versión reducida del instrumento, lo que garantiza una adecuada evaluación del constructo que éste pretende medir.

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to show, from a practical perspective, the guidelines that may be followed to create a reduced version of a measurement tool. Therefore, it describes in detail the process of creating the reduced Basque version of the CDS scale (Children’s Depression Scale; Lang & Tisher, 1978), which measures depression in children and adolescents. In a first study, the items that make up the reduced version of the CDS (CDS-R) are selected from a set of analysis conducted on a sample of 886 children and adolescents who were administered the extensive version of the CDS adapted to the Basque language (Balluerka, Gorostiaga, & Haranburu, 2012). Subsequently, the CDS-R is validated on a sample of 2,165 participants. This second study examines the factorial structure, the internal consistency and the temporal stability of the instrument, as well as the relationship between its dimensions and gender, academic performance, emotional intelligence and attachment. Thus, evidence is obtained on the reliability and validity of the reduced version of the instrument, which guarantees suitable evaluation of the construct the instrument is intended to measure.

Palabras clave

CDS
depresión
propiedades psicométricas
versiones reducidas de instrumentos

Keywords

CDS
depression
psychometric properties
reduced versions of instruments
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