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Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 17-27

Activos del Barrio y Ajuste Adolescente

[Neighborhood Assets and Adolescent Adjustment]

Oliva Delgado, Alfredo Antolín Suárez, Lucía Estévez Campos,Rosa Mª Pascual García, Diana Mª

Resumen

En este estudio se analiza la relación entre algunas dimensiones o activos para el desarrollo en el barrio de residencia, medidos mediante la Escala para la Evaluación de los Activos del Barrio, y el ajuste y la satisfacción vital de adolescentes. La muestra estuvo formada por 2400 adolescentes (1068 chicos y 1332 chicas) con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 17 años, que cursaban estudios de Educación Secundaria en centros de Andalucía Occidental. Los resultados mostraron relaciones significativas entre la mayoría de las dimensiones de la escala (empoderamiento de la juventud, apego al barrio, seguridad y control social) y los problemas internalizantes y externalizantes, el consumo de sustancias y la satisfacción vital de los participantes. Por otra parte, los datos aportan evidencias acerca de la validez externa de la escala utilizada. A partir de los resultados se ofrecen algunas sugerencias para la intervención en el entorno comunitario.

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study analyzing the relationship between some dimensions or developmental assets in the neighborhood, as measured by the Scale for the Assessment of Developmental Assets in the Neighborhood, and adjustment and life satisfaction of adolescent boys and girls. The sample consisted of 2400 adolescents (1068 boys and 1332 girls) between ages 12 and 17 who were secondary students in public and private schools in Western Andalusia. The results showed significant relationships between most dimensions of the scale (youth empowerment, attachment to neighbourhood safety and social control) and internalizing and externalizing problems, substance use and life satisfaction of participants. Moreover, the data provide evidence about the external validity of the scale used in the study. From the results some suggestions for intervention in the community environment are extracted.

Palabras clave

ajuste adolescente
barrio
satisfacción vital
validación de escala

Keywords

adolescent adjustment
life satisfaction
neighborhood
scale validation
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