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Vol. 21. Num. 2. 2012. Pages 205-214

Blueprints for Europe: Promoting Evidence-Based Programs in Children's Services

[Blueprints para Europa: Promoviendo Programas Basados en la Evidencia en los Servicios de Atención a la Infancia]

Axford,Nick Elliot,Delbert Little, Michael

University of Colorado at Boulder, USA Dartington Social Research Unit, UK

Abstract

This article describes the Blueprints database of evidence-based programs (EBPs) and its potential application in children's services in European countries. It outlines relevant aspects of the European context, including a tendency to be skeptical about programs imported from the US, and the need for a pan-European source of information about EBPs across multiple outcome areas. It then describes the standards of evidence used by Blueprints, which cover intervention specificity, evaluation quality, intervention impact, and system readiness. The criteria for determining that a program is "Model" and "Promising" are outlined. The article then summarizes the process by which the standards were developed and some of the issues that were harder to resolve. It also sketches the process by which a program reaches the Blueprints database, and provides three examples of programs approved by Blueprints and implemented in Europe: a home-visiting program for mothers of infants; a parent skills training program; and a therapeutic intervention for families of chronic offenders. A brief indication is also given of how the wider pool of programs reviewed fare against the standards of evidence. Finally, the article summarizes future directions for the work, with a particular emphasis on how Blueprints might become widely used in Europe.

Resumen

En el artículo se describe la base de datos de Blueprints de programas basados en la evidencia (PBE's) y su aplicación potencial en servicios de atención a la infancia en los países europeos. Se abordan los aspectos relevantes del contexto europeo, y se señala una cierta tendencia al escepticismo ante programas importados de los EEUU, así como la necesidad de una fuente de información paneuropea sobre PBE's en todas las áreas de resultados. A continuación, se describen los criterios de evidencia empleados en los Blueprints, tales como la especificidad de la intervención, la calidad de la evaluación, el impacto de la intervención y la disponibilidad del sistema. Se examinan los criterios que se siguen para que un programa sea considerado como "Modelo" y "Prometedor". A continuación, se resume el proceso mediante el que se desarrollaron los criterios y algunos de los aspectos de más difícil resolución. También se describen las líneas generales del proceso de incorporación de un programa a la base de datos de Blueprints, y proporciona tres ejemplos de programas aprobados por los Blueprints e implementados en Europa: un programa de visitas a domicilio a las madres de menores, un programa de entrenamiento de habilidades parentales, y una intervención terapéutica en familias de delincuentes reincidentes. También se indica brevemente que la mayor parte de programas revisados no cumple con los criterios de evidencia. Finalmente, el artículo resume las orientaciones futuras de trabajo en este campo, con especial énfasis en las distintas estrategias para extender el uso de Blueprints por toda Europa.

Keywords

child well-being
Europe
evidence-based program
program evaluation

Palabras clave

bienestar infantil
Europa
evaluación del programa
programa basado en la evidencia
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