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Vol. 23. Num. 3. 2014. Pages 217-223

Recidivism risk reduction assessment in batterer intervention programs: A keyindicator for program efficacy evaluation

[Evaluación de la disminución del riesgo de recaida en los programas deintervención con maltratadores: Indicador clave en la evaluación de la eficaciadel programa]

Marisol Lila Murillo1 , Amparo Oliver Germes2 , Alba Catalá-Miñana1 , Raquel Conchell1

1Univ. Valencia, Dep. Social Psychology, Spain ,2Univ. Valencia, Dep. Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences, Spain

Abstract

The evidence available on the efficacy of batterer intervention programs is still limited. The aim of thepresent study is twofold: (1) to analyze change in a set of intervention targets and their association withreconviction in a batterer intervention program implemented in Spain, and (2) to analyze pre-treatmentparticipants' characteristics linked with an increased likelihood of change. The research design was aprospective longitudinal study with measures obtained in two points in time (pre-treatment and posttreatment).Self-report measures, trained program staff assessment, and reconviction official records wereused. Participants consisted of 212 offenders participating in a court-mandated batterer interventionprogram. A significant gain in three intervention targets (responsibility assumption, perceived severity ofintimate partner violence against women, and recidivism risk reduction) was found. Recidivism riskreduction gain score was the best success indicator. It significantly predicted reconviction with the highesteffect size. A structural equation model showed that recidivism risk reduction was significantly predictedby pre-treatment offenders' anger control, impulsivity, social support, alcohol consumption, and offenseseriousness. Participants changed in the intervention targets analyzed and risk of recidivism reductionplayed a central role in the prediction of reconviction. 

Resumen

La evidencia sobre la eficacia de los programas de intervención para maltratadores es limitada. Los objetivosde este estudio son: (1) analizar el cambio en un conjunto de objetivos de intervención y su asociacióncon la reincidencia en un programa de intervención con maltratadores y (2) analizar características pretratamientovinculadas con una mayor probabilidad de cambio. El diseño fue longitudinal con medidaspre- y post-tratamiento. Se utilizaron auto-informes, evaluaciones profesionales y datos oficiales de reincidencia.Los participantes fueron 212 agresores que acudían por mandato judicial a un programa de intervención.Se encontraron ganancias significativas en tres objetivos de la intervención (asunción de responsabilidad,gravedad percibida y reducción del riesgo de reincidencia). La puntuación en reducción del riesgode reincidencia fue el mejor indicador de éxito. Este indicador predijo significativamente la reincidenciaobteniendo el mayor tamaño del efecto. Un modelo estructural mostró que las puntuaciones de los agresoresen control de la ira, impulsividad, apoyo social, consumo de alcohol y gravedad del delito predecíansignificativamente la reducción del riesgo de reincidencia. Los participantes cambiaron en los objetivos deintervención y la reducción del riesgo de reincidencia desempeñó un papel central en la predicción de lareincidencia. 

Keywords

Program evaluation
Intimate partner violence against women Intimate partner violence offenders
Risk of recidivism

Palabras clave

Evaluación de programas
Violencia contra la mujer en las relaciones de pareja
Maltratadores
Riesgo de reincidencia
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