EN ES
Vol. 23. Num. 3. 2014. Pages 169-176

Sentido de comunidad, empoderamiento psicológico y participación ciudadana entrabajadores de organizaciones culturales

[Sense of community, psychological empowerment, and civic participation inworkers of cultural organizations]

Ignacio Ramos Vidal1 , Isidro Maya Jariego1

1Univ. Sevilla, Fac. Psicología, Dep. Psicología Social, España

Resumen

Las organizaciones culturales participan en iniciativas prosociales y realizan actividades que repercuten enel contexto comunitario. En este estudio evaluamos el sentido de comunidad, el empoderamiento psicológicoy la participación comunitaria de 120 trabajadores de agrupaciones de las artes escénicas en Andalucía.Con tres modelos de regresión concurrentes mostramos que el sentido de comunidad y el empoderamientopsicológico están fuertemente relacionados, mientras que la participación ciudadana no se relacionade forma significativa con los otros dos procesos. En segundo lugar, clasificamos a los trabajadores de lasorganizaciones culturales con un análisis de conglomerados en función de las tres dimensiones de interés.En la mitad de los participantes se observa una relación positiva, de asociación mutua, entre la participación,el empoderamiento y el sentido de comunidad. Complementariamente, documentamos un perfil pasivo,con bajos niveles de participación, y un perfil paradójico en el que la participación social parece producirseal margen de la implicación en la organización cultural de referencia. Los tres perfiles difieren en elcompromiso con la organización y la evaluación de aspectos laborales. El perfil positivo también resultamás probable en las organizaciones más pequeñas. Finalmente discutimos la relación entre las dinámicasorganizativas de las agrupaciones de las artes escénicas y su potencial para implicarse en la comunidad. 

Abstract

In this study we evalute the sense of community, psychological empowerment, and communityparticipation of 120 workers of performing arts organizations in Andalusia. By means of three concurrentregression models we show that the sense of community and psychological empowerment are stronglyrelated, while social participation is not significantly associated to the other two processes. Cluster analysisbased on the three dimensions of interest classify participants in three different groups. In half of theparticipants a positive, mutual association between participation, empowerment, and a sense ofcommunity is observed. In addition, we have documented a passive profile, with low levels of participation,and a paradoxical profile, in which social participation seems to occur regardless of involvement in theorganization of reference. The three profiles differ in commitment to the organization and evaluation oflabor issues. The positive profile is also more likely to occur in smaller organizations. Finally, we discuss therelationship between the organizational dynamics of the performing arts groups and their potential to beinvolved in the community. 

Palabras clave

Empoderamiento
Participación
Sentido psicológico de comunidad
Organizaciones culturales

Keywords

Civic participation
Cultural organizations
Empowerment
Psychological sense of community
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