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Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 67-75

Un Estudio Longitudinal de la Reputación Social no Conformista y la Violencia en Adolescentes desde la Perspectiva de Género

[A Longitudinal Study of non-Conforming Social Reputation and Violence in Adolescents From the Gender Perspective]

Moreno Ruiz, David Neves de Jesus, Saul Murgui Pérez, Sergio Martínez Ferrer, Belén

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la relación existente entre la reputación social del adolescente -percibida e ideal-, y la violencia instrumental -manifiesta y relacional- en adolescentes desde una perspectiva de género. La muestra utilizada en este estudios fue de 1319 adolescentes -T1- de ambos sexos (53% chicas y 47% chicos) y de edades comprendidas entre los 11 y los 16 años (edad media 13.5; desviación típica 1.5), escolarizados en siete centros educativos de enseñanza secundaria y, de 554 estudiantes -T2- (54% chicas y 46% chicos). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron la Escala de Reputación Social no conformista de Carroll, Houghton, Hattie y Durkin (1999) y la Escala de Conducta Violenta Instrumental de Little, Henrich, Jones y Hawley (2003). A partir del análisis de los modelos de ecuaciones estructurales se obtuvo que la reputación ideal y percibida no conformista (T1) se relaciona con la reputación percibida (T2). También se observó una relación indirecta entre la reputación percibida (T1) y la reputación percibida (T2) a través de la violencia manifiesta instrumental. Se analizan estos resultados desde la perspectiva de género.

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to analyze the relationship between non-conformist social reputation (perceived and ideal) and instrumental violence (overt and relational) in adolescents from the gender perspective. The sample was composed of 1319 adolescents -T1- aged from 11 to 16 years old (Mean 13.5; S.D. 1.5) and both sexes (53 % girls and 47 % boys) in secondary school, and 554 students -T2- (54 % girls and 46 % boys). Measures were Non-conformist social reputation scale (Carroll, Houghton, Hattie and Durkin, 1999) and Instrumental violence behavior scale (Little, Henrich, Jones and Hawley, 2003). From structural equation models it was found that the non-conforming social reputation –ideal and perceived- (T1) was related with non-conforming social reputation (T2). An indirect relation was also observed between perceived reputation (T1) and perceived reputation (T2) through overt instrumental violence. Results were analyzed from a gender perspective.

Palabras clave

adolescencia
reputación social no conformista –ideal y percibida–
violencia instrumental –manifiesta y relacional–

Keywords

adolescence
instrumental violence (overt and relational)
non-conforming social reputation (ideal and perceived)
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