EN ES
Vol. 23. Num. 3. 2014. Pages 187-198

Mujeres delincuentes violentas

[Violent female offenders]

Ismael Loinaz1

1Univ. Barcelona, Fac. Psicología, Dep. Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico, Grupo de Estudios Avanzados en Violencia GEAV, España

Resumen

La delincuencia violenta femenina es poco atendida en países hispanohablantes. La presente revisión resumelos principales avances acumulados internacionalmente en la última década (2003-2013) sobre el estudiode la mujer como sujeto violento y/o delincuente. Se analizan la violencia contra la pareja (VCP) ysexual cometida por mujeres, la evaluación de la psicopatía y del riesgo de violencia, el tratamiento de estasagresoras y su reincidencia. Aunque la amplitud temática impide analizar exhaustivamente todos losdelitos (no se incluye el maltrato infantil, por ejemplo), la revisión permite concluir que: existen sesgos jurídicosy policiales en el tratamiento de la mujer delincuente, las mujeres pueden cometer el mismo tipo deVCP y con motivaciones similares a los hombres, la violencia sexual es poco frecuente pero existen muchaslimitaciones en su estudio, la predicción del riesgo de violencia inespecífica es factible con las herramientasdisponibles, la psicopatía es menos prevalente en mujeres pero las diferencias con varones se reducen enpoblación juvenil, el conocimiento sobre el tratamiento de estas agresoras es muy limitado y sin evidenciassobre su efectividad y las tasas de reincidencia son bajas (aunque la información disponible es escasa). Sediscuten las principales implicaciones y líneas de interés. 

Abstract

Female violent offending is an understudied topic in Spanish-speaking countries. This review explores themajor research findings accumulated internationally over the last decade (2003-2013) about women'sviolence and crimes. The focus of the review is the intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violencecommitted by females, the psychopathy and violence risk assessment, and the treatment and recidivism ofthese female offenders. Although the female offender topic is too wide to review all crime typologies (childphysical abuse is not included, for example) the review indicates that: there are legal and police biases inthe treatment of women offenders; women can commit the same IPV and share the motivations of maleoffenders; sexual violence has a low prevalence, but there are many limitations in this research topic;predicting the risk of non-specific violence is feasible with the available tools; psychopathy is less prevalentamong adult female offenders, although there are fewer differences with male offenders among adolescentsamples; research about treatments is very limited and there are not effectiveness evidences; and last,recidivism rates for violent crimes are very low (in cases where information is available). Main implicationsand research lines are discussed. 

Palabras clave

Delincuencia femenina
Riesgo de violencia
Psicopatía
Tratamiento
Reincidencia

Keywords

Female crime
Violence risk
Psychopathy
Treatment
Recidivism
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