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Vol. 20. Num. 2. 2011. Pages 193-200

La Cuarta R: Un Programa Escolar de Prevención de la Violencia en las Relaciones de Pareja en la Adolescencia

[The Fourth R: A School-Based Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention Program]

Wolfe, David A. Crooks, Claire V. Hughes, Raymond

Resumen

En este trabajo se presenta un programa de prevención creado para su aplicación en el entorno escolar (La Cuarta R), que tiene como objetivo la prevención de la violencia contra la pareja en la adolescencia y conductas de riesgo relacionadas. El elemento central de La Cuarta R es un programa de 21 temas curriculares, implementado por profesores que reciben una formación especializada, que trata de promover las relaciones saludables, y cuyo principal objetivo es la violencia, el comportamiento sexual de alto riesgo y el uso de sustancias entre los adolescentes. La Cuarta R se evaluó en 20 escuelas mediante un diseño con asignación aleatoria a la condición experimental o control. Los resultados de la evaluación de este programa de intervención señalan que la inclusión de contenidos curriculares sobre relaciones sociales saludables, así como habilidades para evitar situaciones de violencia física en las relaciones de pareja entre adolescentes, permitía reducir este tipo de violencia, así como incrementaba el uso del condón 2.5 años después.

Abstract

This paper presents a school-based primary prevention program (The Fourth R) to prevent adolescent dating violence, and related risk behaviors. The cornerstone of The Fourth R is a 21-lesson skillbased curriculum delivered by teachers who receive specialized training, that promotes healthy relationships, and targets violence, high-risk sexual behavior, and substance use among adolescents. The Fourth R was evaluated in a cluster randomized trial in 20 schools. Results indicated that teaching youth healthy relationships and skills as part of their curriculum reduced physical dating violence, and increased condom use 2.5 years later.

Palabras clave

adolescencia#escuela#prevención#violencia en las relaciones de noviazgo
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