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Vol. 21. Num. 2. 2012. Pages 157-169

Incredible Years® Parent, Teachers and Children's Series: Transportability to Portugal of Early Intervention Programs for Preventing Conduct Problems and Promoting Social and Emotional Competence

[La Versión de Padres, Profesores y Niños del Incredible Years®: Adaptación a Portugal de Programas de Intervención Temprana para la Prevención de Problemas de Conducta y para la Promoción de la Competencia Social y Emocional]

Webster-Stratton,Carolyn Gaspar, Maria Filomena Seabra-Santos,Maria João

Abstract

Disruptive behavior disorders in children are on the increase. However, there is evidence that the younger a child is at the time of intervention, the more positive the behavioral effects on his/her adjustment at home and at school. Parental education might be an effective way of addressing early problems. The Incredible Years (IY) programs were designed to prevent and treat behavior problems when they first appear (in infancy-toddlerhood through middle childhood) and to intervene in multiple areas through parent, teacher, and child training. This paper summarizes the literature demonstrating the impact of the IY parent, teacher and child intervention programs, and describes in more detail the work done in Portugal so far to disseminate IY programs with fidelity, with particular emphasis on the IY Basic Preschool Parenting and Teacher Classroom Management programs.

Resumen

La frecuencia de trastornos de conducta en la infancia parece estar en aumento. Sin embargo, hay evidencias de que en la medida en que los niños y niñas son más jóvenes en el momento de la intervención, serán mejores los efectos en su ajuste comportamental tanto en el domicilio como en el colegio. La educación parental puede ser una forma efectiva de abordar los problemas de conducta en edades tempranas. El programa Incredible Years (IY) fue diseñado para prevenir y tratar los problemas de conducta tan pronto como aparezcan (desde la primera a la mediana infancia) y para intervenir en múltiples áreas a través del entrenamiento de los padres, los profesores y los niños. En este artículo se resumen las publicaciones que demuestran el impacto de este programa en sus versiones para padres, profesores y niños y se describe con mayor detalle el trabajo hecho en Portugal para diseminar el Programa IY con fidelidad al modelo original poniendo un particular énfasis en la versión del IY para padres y profesores de niños en edad pre-escolar.

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