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Vol. 21. Num. 1. 2012. Pages 91-101

Agresiones entre Adolescentes a través del Teléfono Móvil y de Internet

[Aggressions among Adolescents through Mobile Phones and the Internet]

Buelga, Sofia Pons, Javier

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la prevalencia de agresores adolescentes (cyberbullies) a través de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación (Internet y teléfono móvil). También, se examinaron las diferencias de genero y de curso según el tipo de agresiones tecnológicas realizadas por el adolescente. La muestra estuvo formada por 1390 adolescentes de edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 17 anos. Los resultados indicaron que casi un tercio de los adolescentes han agredido a sus iguales a través de las nuevas tecnologías en el ultimo ano. En cuanto a la duración e intensidad del acoso cibernético, se observo que este ocurre, mayoritariamente, durante menos de un mes y con una intensidad moderada, -no superior a una vez por semana-. En la mayoría de las agresiones tecnológicas, los chicos y los alumnos del último curso de enseñanza secundaria obligatoria son mas acosadores que sus compañeros.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of adolescent aggressors (cyberbullies) through modern information and communication technologies (the internet and cellular phones). The differences in gender and academic year according to the type of technological aggression were also examined. The participants were 1390 adolescents aged 12-17 years old. The results indicated that almost one third of adolescents have made an attack on their peers through new technologies in the last year. Regarding the duration and intensity of cybernetic harassment, it was observed that cyberbullying mainly occurs for less than a month and with moderate intensity -no more than once a week. For the majority of technological aggressions, boys and students in the last grade of highschool bullied more than their counterparts.

Palabras clave

adolescencia
agresores
cyberbullying
diferencias de género y de curso
prevalencia

Keywords

adolescence
aggressors
cyberbullying
gender and academic year differences
prevalence
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