ES EN
Vol. 23. Núm. 1. 2013. Páginas 71-77

¿Por qué no reincide la mayoría de los agresores sexuales?

[Why do the majority of sex offenders not recidivate?]

Óscar Herrero1 1Centro Penitenciario de Cáceres, España

Resumen

La evidencia meta-analítica indica que las tasas de reincidencia sexual oscilan entre el 15 y el 20% tras periodos de seguimiento que llegan hasta los veinte años. Se pueden establecer distintos perfiles de agresores sexuales en base a su reincidencia: los agresores especializados no reincidentes, los agresores reincidentes no especializados y los agresores sexuales especializados reincidentes. El grupo de los agresores especializados no reincidentes es el que suscita más preguntas. Este trabajo aborda qué factores psicológicos caracterizan a cada uno de estos perfiles y una posible explicación para las bajas tasas de reincidencia. Se discuten algunas implicaciones prácticas relevantes.

Abstract

Meta-analytic evidence suggests that sexual recidivism rates range between 15% and 20% after follow-up periods of up to twenty years. Sex offender profiles can be differentiated according to their recidivism risk: specialized non-recidivists, versatile recidivists and specialized recidivists. The specialized non-recidivist offender group is the one raising more unanswered questions. This paper summarizes the factors that define the psychological profile of each group and a tentative explanation for the low recidivism rates. Some practical implications are discussed.

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