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Vol. 20. Núm. 2. 2014. Páginas 89-97

Cognitively Diagnostic Assessments and the Cognitive Diagnosis Model Framework

[El marco de la evaluación y los modelos de diagnostico cognitivo]

Jimmy de la Torre1 , Nathan Minchen1 1The State Univ. New Jersey, Dep. Educational Psychology Rutgers, USA

Abstract

This paper aims to identify the utility of and the need for cognitively diagnostic assessments (CDAs) inconjunction with cognitive diagnosis models (CDMs), and to outline various considerations involved intheir development and use. We begin by contrasting the CDA/CDM framework against existing assessmentframeworks, which are typically based on item response theory or classical test theory, and show that CDAsused in the CDM context can provide valuable diagnostic information that could enhance classroominstruction and learning. We then detail how the components of a CDA fit into the assessment triangleframework, as well as the evidence-centered design framework. Attribute identification and itemdevelopment in the context of CDA are discussed, and examples from relevant research are provided.Details of CDMs, which are the statistical models that underpin the practical implementations of CDAs, arealso discussed. 

Resumen

El presente artículo trata de identificar la utilidad y la necesidad de las Evaluaciones para el DiagnósticoCognitivo (EDC) junto a los Modelos de Diagnóstico Cognitivo (MDC) y plantea algunas de las consideracionesimplicadas en su desarrollo y uso. Se comienza comparando el marco EDC/MDC con otros marcos existentesbasados típicamente en la teoría de respuesta al ítem o en la teoría clásica de los tests, mostrandoque las EDC utilizadas en el contexto MDC pueden proporcionar información diagnóstica muy valiosa paramejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en el aula. Seguidamente se utiliza el marco del triángulo dela evaluación y del diseño centrado en la evidencia para presentar los componentes de una evaluación deeste tipo. Se analiza la identificación de atributos y el desarrollo de ítems en el contexto de una EDC y seproporcionan ejemplos tomados de una investigación relevante. También se analizan cuestiones relativas alos MDC, que son los modelos estadísticos que vertebran la implementación práctica de las EDC. 

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